Three Great Greek Philosophers Socrates- free pdf ebook was written by on January 11, 2009 consist of 1 page(s). The pdf file is provided by msr7socialstudies.com and available on pdfpedia since March 27, 2012.
three great greek philosophers
was a philosopher who taught by asking
questions...his arrest, but he remained in athens,
stood trial, and was..republic. plato did not
believe in democracy. he argued in favor...
excerpt: >fm 4-25.12 (fm 21-10-1)
headquarters, department of the army
Three Great Greek Philosopherswas a philosopher who taught by askingquestions. When teachers ask questions that encourage studentsto draw conclusions, they are using the "Socratic method" ofteaching. Socrates asked many questions, but he gave fewanswers. Socrates was a well-known teacher in Athens. Hedrifted around the city with his students, engaging many peoplein arguments. What we know about Socrates comes from whatothers wrote about him. Socrates did not write any books sincehe believed it was better to debate than write. Socrates regarded the tales of the gods as just make-believe. This upset the leaders of Athens and hey threatened to bring him to trial for neglecting thegods and for corrupting the children of Athens by encouraging them to consider new ideas. The leadersexpected the seventy year old Socrates to leave Athens before his arrest, but he remained in Athens,stood trial, and was found guilty. A friend tried to plan an escape from prison, but Socrates refused toparticipate. He believed that he must obey the law, even if he disagreed with it. His last day was spentwith friends. At the end of the day, Socrates calmly drank from a cup of poison hemlock, the customarypractice of execution at that time.Socrates-Plato-Most of what we know about Socrates comes from Plato, his most famous student.Whenhis teacher was executed, Plato left Greece for more than a decade. He returned to start the Academy, aschool that would operate for more than 900 years. Plato described his ideaof the best society in his most famous book,the Republic.Plato did notbelieve in democracy. He argued in favor of an “aristocracy of merit,” wherethere would be rule by the best and the wisest people. Plato believed a smallgroup of people intelligent and educated men and women should governeveryone.was the greatest scientist of the ancient world. Aristotlebelieved in using science and reason, rather than the anger or pleasure ofgods, to explain natural events. Aristotle moved to Athens and studied atPlato's Academy. He remained at the school for more than twenty years untilshortly after Plato died. Aristotle then returned to his home in Macedonia,where King Philip hired him to prepare his thirteen-year-old son, Alexander, for his future role as amilitary leader. His student would one day be known as known as Alexander the Great, one of thegreatest military conquerors of all time. Once Alexander became King of Macedonia, Aristotlereturned to Athens and opened a school he called the Lyceum. For the next twelve years, Aristotleorganized his school as a center of research on astronomy, zoology, geography, geology, physics,anatomy, and many other fields. Aristotle wrote 170 books, 47 of which still exist more than twothousand years later. His ideas formed the basis of modern science.1. Who were three great philosophers in ancient Greece? ____________________________________________2. The method of teaching Socrates used is called? _____________________________3. Why was Socrates sentence to death? _____________________________________________4. What was Plato’s school called? __________________________5. Plato’s most famous book is called? ___________________________6. Aristotle helped teach this famous military leader? _________________________Aristotle-
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