ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK

ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK free pdf ebook was written by Jayanta on June 09, 2006 consist of 16 page(s). The pdf file is provided by www.edacafe.com and available on pdfpedia since December 12, 2011.

electronic filter design handbook arthur b. williams fred j.taylor fourth edition mcgraw-hill new yorkchicagosan franciscolisbonlondonmadrid mexico citymilannew ...

x
send send what is readshare?


Thank you for helping us grow by simply clicking on facebook like and google +1 button below ^^

ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK pdf




Read
: 1773
Download
: 64
Uploaded
: December 12, 2011
Category
Author
: Jayanta
Total Page(s)
: 16
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 1
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page i 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK Arthur B. Williams Fred J. Taylor Fourth Edition McGRAW-HILL New York Chicago San Francisco Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan New Delhi San Juan Seoul Singapore Sydney Toronto
You're reading the first 10 out of 16 pages of this docs, please download or login to readmore.
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 2
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page ii 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 DOC/DOC 0 1 9 8 7 6 ISBN 0-07-147171-5 The sponsoring editor for this book was Wendy Rinaldi, the editing supervisor was Jody McKenzie, and the production supervisor was Jean Bodeaux. It was set in Times Roman by International Typesetting and Composition. The art director for the cover was Handel Low. Printed and bound by RR Donnelley. McGraw-Hill books are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs. For more information, please write to the Director of Special Sales, McGraw-Hill Professional, Two Penn Plaza, New York, NY 10121-2298. Or contact your local bookstore. Information contained in this work has been obtained by The McGraw- Hill Companies, Inc. (“McGraw-Hill”) from sources believed to be reli- able. However, neither McGraw-Hill nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein, and nei- ther McGraw-Hill nor its authors shall be responsible for any errors, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This work is published with the understanding that McGraw-Hill and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting to render engineering or other professional services. If such services are required, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought.
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 3
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page iii 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter From Arthur B. Williams To my Family Ellen, Howard, Bonnie, Robin, Mitchell and grandchildren Leviah and Ilona From Dr. Fred J. Taylor To my grandchildren Schuyler, Bennett, and Graysen and their devoted grandmother Lori
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 4
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page iv 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter ABOUT THE AUTHORS Arthur Williams is the Chief Scientist at Telebyte Inc., a developer and manufacturer of broadband test equipment and data communication products. Previously, he was Senior Staff Engineer and Manager of Engineering for Tellabs Inc. Author of five books and holder of eleven patents, Mr. Williams has served as a consultant to the industry and is currently the Chairman of the IEEE Circuits and Systems (CAS) chapter on Long Island. Fred J. Taylor is co-founder and Chairman of the Board of the Athena Group, a DSP semi- conductor silicon intellectual property company and education technology innovator. He is also professor of electrical and computer engineering, and computer and information science engineering at the University of Florida. Author of ten textbooks and holder of three patents, Dr. Taylor serves as a consultant to Fortune 500 companies and government agencies. iv
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 5
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page v 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter CONTENTS Preface xiii Chapter 1. Introduction to Modern Network Theory 1.1. Modern Network Theory / 1 The Pole-Zero Concept / 1 Synthesis of Filters from Polynomials / 2 Active vs. Passive Filters / 7 Bibliography / 8 1 Chapter 2. Selecting the Response Characteristic 9 2.1. Frequency-Response Normalization / 9 Frequency and Impedance Scaling / 9 Low-Pass Normalization / 12 High-Pass Normalization / 14 Bandpass Normalization / 16 Band-Reject Normalization / 24 2.2. Transient Response / 29 The Effect of Nonuniform Time Delay / 29 Step Response of Networks / 32 Impulse Response / 34 Estimating Transient Characteristics / 34 2.3. Butterworth Maximally Flat Amplitude / 42 2.4. Chebyshev Response / 47 2.5. Bessel Maximally Flat Delay / 52 2.6. Linear Phase with Equiripple Error / 64 2.7. Transitional Filters / 64 2.8. Synchronously Tuned Filters / 70 2.9. Elliptic-Function Filters / 79 Using the Filter Solutions (Book Version) Software for Design of Elliptic Function Low- Pass Filters / 86 Using the ELI 1.0 Program for the Design of Odd-Order Elliptic-Function Low-Pass Filters up to the 31st Order / 87 2.10. Maximally Flat Delay with Chebyshev Stopband / 88 Bibliography / 88 Chapter 3. Low-Pass Filter Design 3.1. LC Low-Pass Filters / 89 All-Pole Filters / 89 v 89
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 6
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page vi 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter vi CONTENTS Elliptic-Function Filters / 90 Duality and Reciprocity / 93 Designing for Unequal Terminations / 93 Effects of Dissipation / 97 Using Predistorted Designs / 99 3.2. Active Low-Pass Filters / 103 All-Pole Filters / 103 VCVS Uniform Capacitor Structure / 113 The Low-Sensitivity Second-Order Section / 114 Elliptic-Function VCVS Filters / 116 State-Variable Low-Pass Filters / 120 Generalized Impedance Converters / 128 Bibliography / 135 Chapter 4. High-Pass Filter Design 4.1. LC High-Pass Filters / 137 The Low-Pass to High-Pass Transformation / 137 The T-to-Pi Capacitance Conversion / 142 4.2. Active High-Pass Filters / 143 The Low-Pass to High-Pass Transformation / 143 All-Pole High-Pass Filters / 144 Elliptic-Function High-Pass Filters / 145 State-Variable High-Pass Filters / 151 High-Pass Filters Using the GIC / 159 Active Elliptic-Function High-Pass Filters Using the GIC / 161 Bibliography / 164 137 Chapter 5. Bandpass Filters 5.1. LC Bandpass Filters / 165 Wideband Filters / 165 Narrowband Filters / 167 Narrowband Coupled Resonators / 183 Predistorted Bandpass Filters / 189 Elliptic-Function Bandpass Filers / 192 5.2. Active Bandpass Filters / 199 Wideband Filters / 199 The Bandpass Transformation of Low-Pass Poles and Zeros / 202 Sensitivity in Active Bandpass Circuits / 207 All-Pole Bandpass Configurations / 207 Elliptic-Function Bandpass Filters / 224 State-Variable (Biquad) Circuit / 230 Bibliography / 237 165 Chapter 6. Band-Reject Filters 6.1. LC Band-Reject Filters / 239 The Band-Reject Circuit Transformation / 239 All-Pole Band-Reject Filters / 240 Elliptic-Function Band-Reject Filters / 245 Null Networks / 252 6.2. Active Band-Reject Filters / 257 Wideband Active Band-Reject Filters / 257 239
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 7
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page vii 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter CONTENTS vii Band-Reject Transformation of Low-Pass Poles / 261 Narrowband Active Band-Reject Filters / 265 Active Null Networks / 271 Bibliography / 277 Chapter 7. Networks for the Time Domain 7.1. All-Pass Transfer Functions / 279 First-Order All-Pass Transfer Functions / 279 Second-Order All-Pass Transfer Functions / 281 7.2. Delay Equalizer Sections / 283 LC All-Pass Structures / 283 Active All-Pass Structures / 287 7.3. Design of Delay Lines / 292 The Low-Pass to All-Pass Transformation / 292 LC Delay Lines / 293 Active Delay Lines / 297 7.4. Delay Equalization of Filters / 299 First-Order Equalizers / 300 Second-Order Equalizers / 303 7.5. Wideband 90° Phase-Shift Networks / 307 7.6. Adjustable Delay and Amplitude Equalizers / 313 LC Delay Equalizers / 314 LC Delay and Amplitude Equalizers / 316 Active Delay and Amplitude Equalizers / 319 Bibliography / 323 279 Chapter 8. Refinements in LC Filter Design and the Use of Resistive Networks 8.1. Introduction / 325 8.2. Tapped Inductors / 325 8.3. Circuit Transformations / 327 Norton’s Capacitance Transformer / 328 Narrowband Approximations / 330 8.4. Designing with Parasitic Capacitance / 333 8.5. Amplitude Equalization for Inadequate Q / 336 8.6. Coil-Saving Elliptic-Function Bandpass Filters / 340 8.7. Filter Tuning Methods / 343 8.8. Measurement Methods / 345 Insertion Loss and Frequency Response / 345 Input Impedance of Filter Networks / 346 Time-Domain Characteristics / 347 Measuring the Q of inductors / 351 8.9. Designing for Unequal Impedances / 351 Impedance Matching / 351 Exponentially Tapered Impedance Scaling / 351 Minimum Loss Resistive Pad for Impedance Matching / 352 8.10. Symmetrical Attenuators / 355 Bridged T Attenuator / 356 8.11. Power Splitters / 357 Resistive Power Splitters / 357 A Magic-T Splitter / 357 Bibliography / 360 325
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 8
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page viii 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter viii CONTENTS Chapter 9. Design and Selection of Inductors for LC Filters 9.1. Basic Principles of Magnetic-Circuit Design / 361 Units of Measurement / 361 Saturation and DC Polarization / 362 Inductor Losses / 363 Effect of an Air Gap / 363 The Design of Coil Windings / 364 9.2. MPP Toroidal Coils / 367 Characteristics of Cores / 367 Winding Methods for Q Optimization / 371 Designing MPP Toroids from Q Curves / 372 9.3. Ferrite Pot Cores / 376 The Pot Core Structure / 376 Electrical Properties of Ferrite Pot Cores / 377 Winding of Bobbins / 380 RM Cores / 382 9.4. High-Frequency Coil Design / 383 Powdered-Iron Toroids / 383 Winding Methods / 384 Air-Core Inductors / 387 Surface Mount RF Inductors / 387 Bibliography / 392 361 Chapter 10. Component Selection for LC and Active Filters 10.1. Capacitor Selection / 393 Properties of Dielectrics / 393 Capacitor Construction / 394 Selecting Capacitors for Filter Applications / 398 10.2. Resistors / 403 Fixed Resistors / 403 Variable Resistors / 408 Resistor Johnson (Thermal) Noise / 409 10.3. Operational Amplifiers / 410 A Review of Basic Operational-Amplifier Theory / 410 An Analysis of Non-Ideal Amplifiers / 413 Practical Amplifier Considerations / 415 Operational Amplifier Selection / 417 A Survey of Popular Amplifier Types / 419 10.4. General Manufacturing Considerations / 422 Bibliography / 423 393 Chapter 11. Normalized Filter Design Tables 425 Chapter 12. Introduction to Digital Filters 12.1. Introduction to Signal Processing / 497 12.2. Introduction to Digital Signal Processing (DSP) / 497 12.3. The Relation to Analog Filters / 498 Digital Advantages / 498 Analog Advantages / 499 12.4. Signal Representation / 500 497
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 9
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page ix 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter CONTENTS ix 12.5. Digital Data Representation / 500 12.6. Sampling Theorem / 505 12.7. Signal Reconstruction / 506 12.8. Practical Interpolators / 506 12.9. Sampling Modalities / 507 12.10. Aliasing / 507 12.11. Data Conversion / 509 12.12. Finite Wordlength Effects / 510 12.13. Mathematical Signal and System Representation / 512 12.14. Spectral Representation / 514 Bibliography / 515 Chapter 13. Finite Impulse-Response Filters 13.1. Digital Filters / 517 13.2. FIR Digital Filters / 517 13.3. Stability / 519 13.4. Linear-Phase Behavior / 520 13.5. Non–Linear-Phase Behavior / 522 13.6. Minimum Phase Behavior / 523 13.7. Fir Design Methods / 524 13.8. Window Design Method / 524 13.9. Non-Rectangular Window Design Method / 526 13.10. Least Squares FIR Design / 530 13.11. Equiripple FIR Design / 532 13.12. Equiripple Hilbert FIR Design / 538 13.13. Equiripple Differentiator FIR Design / 538 13.14. Special Case FIR Digital Filters / 539 13.15. Multiplier-Free FIR Filters / 541 13.16. L-Band FIR Filters / 542 13.17. Mirror and Complement FIR Filters / 544 13.18. Frequency Sampling FIR Filters / 547 13.19. Savitzky-Golay FIR Filters / 550 13.20. Raised FIR Filters / 551 13.21. Matlab FIR Support / 553 13.22. Fir Architectures / 553 13.23. Direct Form FIR / 553 13.24. Transpose Form FIR / 557 13.25. Symmetric Form FIR / 558 13.26. Lattice Form FIR / 558 13.27. Distributed Arithmetic / 561 13.28. Canonic Signed Digit (CSD) / 564 13.29. Finite Wordlength Effect / 566 13.30. Coefficient Rounding / 567 13.31. Arithmetic Error / 568 13.32. Scaling / 569 13.33. Multiple Mac Architecture / 569 Bibliography / 571 517 Chapter 14. Infinite Impulse-Response Filters 14.1. 14.2. 14.3. 14.4. Introduction / 573 Classic Analog Filters / 576 Matlab Analog Filter Production / 579 Impulse Invariant IIR / 580 573
ELECTRONIC FILTER DESIGN HANDBOOK - page 10
1715-ElecFilter_FM.qxd 06/09/06 17:02 Page x 6x9 Handbook / Electronic Filter Design / Williams & Taylor /147171-5 / Front Matter x CONTENTS 14.5. Bilinear z-Transform IIR / 583 14.6. Matlab Classic IIR Support / 588 14.7. Other IIR Models / 590 14.8. Comparison of FIR and IIR Filters / 592 14.9. State Variable Filter Model / 593 14.10. Architecture / 595 14.11. Direct II Architecture / 596 14.12. Matlab Direct II Architecture / 598 14.13. Cascade Architecture / 600 14.14. The Matlab Cascade Architecture / 602 14.15. Parallel Architecture / 604 14.16. Lattice/Ladder Architecture / 605 14.17. Matlab Ladder/Lattice Support / 608 14.18. Normal Architecture / 609 14.19. Stability / 611 14.20. Finite Wordlength Effects / 612 14.21. Overflow Arithmetic / 613 14.22. Register Overflow / 614 14.23. Arithmetic Errors / 617 14.24. Coefficient Rounding Errors / 622 14.25. Scaling / 623 14.26. Zero Input Limit Cycling / 624 Bibliography / 626 Chapter 15. Multirate Digital Filters 15.1. Introduction to Multi-Rate Signal Processing / 627 15.2. Decimation / 628 15.3. Interpolation / 633 15.4. Sample Rate Conversion / 636 15.5. Polyphase Representation / 637 15.6. Filter Banks / 642 15.7. DFT Filter Banks / 647 15.8. Cascade Integrator Comb (CIC) Filter / 649 15.9. Frequency Masking Filters / 651 15.10. Matlab Multirate Support / 656 Bibliography / 658 627 Chapter 16. Digital Filter Technology 16.1. 16.2. 16.3. 16.4. 16.5. 16.6. 16.7. 16.8. 16.9. 16.10. 16.11. Introduction to Signal Processing / 661 Processor Forms / 662 General-Purpose Microprocessors ( PS) / 664 DSP Processor / 665 DSP Addressing Modes / 667 Circular Buffering / 668 DSP Processor Features / 669 DSP Processor Parallelism / 669 Fixed-Point vs. Floating-Point / 670 DSP Benchmarks / 670 ADC/DAC Operation / 672 Delta-Sigma ADC / 672 Flash ADC / 672 Successive Approximation ADC / 673 Subrange ADC / 673 661
You're reading the first 10 out of 16 pages of this docs, please download or login to readmore.

People are reading about...