Physical Science

Physical Science free pdf ebook was written by Glcglc on January 26, 2007 consist of 219 page(s). The pdf file is provided by www.cambrian.k12.ca.us and available on pdfpedia since November 05, 2011.

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Physical Science pdf




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Physical Science - page 1
HOLT CALIFORNIA Physical Science Study Guide B Study Guide B with Directed Reading Worksheets
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Physical Science - page 2
TO THE STUDENT Do you need to review the concepts in the text? If so, this booklet will help you. The Study Guide is an important tool to help you organize what you have learned from the chapter so that you can succeed in your studies. The booklet contains a Directed Reading worksheet and a Vocabulary and Section Summary worksheet for each section of the chapter. Use these worksheets in the following ways: as a reading guide to identify and study the main concepts of each chapter before or after you read the text as a place to record and review the main concepts and definitions from the text as a reference to determine which topics you have learned well and which topics you may need to study further Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Teachers using HOLT CALIFORNIA SCIENCE may photocopy complete pages in sufficient quantities for classroom use only and not for resale. HOLT and the “Owl Design” are trademarks licensed to Holt, Rinehart and Winston, registered in the United States of America and/or other jurisdictions. Printed in the United States of America If you have received these materials as examination copies free of charge, Holt, Rinehart and Winston retains title to the materials and they may not be resold. Resale of examination copies is strictly prohibited. Possession of this publication in print format does not entitle users to convert this publication, or any portion of it, into electronic format. ISBN-10: 0-03-099398-9 ISBN 0-03-046493-5 ISBN-13: 978-0-03099-398-5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 054 11 10 09 08 07 06
Physical Science - page 3
Contents The Nature of Physical Science Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Data in Science Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Properties of Matter Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 States of Matter Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Introduction to Atoms Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 The Periodic Table Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Chemical Bonding Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Chemical Reactions Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Chemical Compounds Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science iii Study Guide B
Physical Science - page 4
The Chemistry of Living Things Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Matter in Motion Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Forces and Motion Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Forces in Fluids Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Stars, Galaxies, and the Universe Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 Our Solar System Directed Reading B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 Vocabulary and Section Summary B Worksheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208 Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science iv Study Guide B
Physical Science - page 5
Name Class Date Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: Science and Scientists (pp. 8–13) 1. What are two steps you can take to start being a scientist? STARTING WITH A QUESTION 2. What is science? 3. Describe how you might practice science in your own neighborhood. 4. What are three different kinds of environments you might ask questions about? INVESTIGATION: THE SEARCH FOR ANSWERS Match the correct definition with the correct term. Write the letter in the space provided. ______ 5. carefully looking and recording what you see ______ 6. performing an activity to answer questions ______ 7. looking up information in books or on the Internet a. research b. experimentation c. observation Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science 1 The Nature of Physical Science
Physical Science - page 6
Name Class Date Directed Reading B continued APPLYING THE ANSWERS 8. What are two ways science has made automobiles safer? 9. What are three natural resources that are saved by recycling steel? 10. How have chlorofluorocarbons harmed the environment? 11. What are the results of damaging the ozone layer? SCIENTISTS EVERYWHERE Match the correct definition with the correct term. Write the letter in the space provided. ______ 12. a person who studies a community of organisms and their environment ______ 13. a person who draws scientific diagrams ______ 14. a scientist who studies the chemistry of rocks, minerals, and soil ______ 15. a person who studies the atmosphere ______ 16. a scientist who studies volcanoes 17. What are two careers that a meteorologist might have? a. meteorologist b. volcanologist c. science illustrator d. ecologist e. geochemist Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science 2 The Nature of Physical Science
Physical Science - page 7
Name Class Date Directed Reading B continued 18. What are two questions a geochemist might try to answer? 19. What are four fields an ecologist might work in? 20. How can a volcanologist help save lives? 21. What two subjects do most science illustrators have a background in? Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science 3 The Nature of Physical Science
Physical Science - page 8
Name Class Date Skills Worksheet Directed Reading B Section: Scientific Methods (pp. 14–21) WHAT ARE SCIENTIFIC METHODS? ______ 1. What are the steps scientists use to answer questions and solve problems? a. observations b. formulations c. flowcharts d. scientific methods 2. List the steps that are included in the scientific methods. ASKING A QUESTION ______ 3. What does asking questions help scientists to do? a. find answers with less investigation b. focus the purpose of an investigation c. ask questions and memorize answers d. know where to look up the answers 4. Any use of the senses to gather information is called . 5. Observations made with tools are called 6. Efficiency compares energy output with 7. Why is the efficiency of a boat important? . . Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science 4 The Nature of Physical Science
Physical Science - page 9
Name Class Date Directed Reading B continued 8. What question did the two engineers James Czarnowski and Michael Triantafyllou explore? FORMING A HYPOTHESIS ______ 9. After a scientist has asked questions and made observations, he or she is ready to a. answer the questions. b. explain the answers. c. start a different investigation. d. form a hypothesis. ______ 10. What is a hypothesis? a. an observation based on investigation b. a possible explanation based on observations c. a comparison of input and output d. a question based on conclusions 11. A good hypothesis should be 12. What is wrong with a hypothesis that can’t be tested? . 13. What was the hypothesis that Czarnowski formed? 14. What observations did Czarnowski make before forming his hypothesis? 15. A good way to make a prediction about a hypothesis is by stating it in a(n) statement. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science 5 The Nature of Physical Science
Physical Science - page 10
Name Class Date Directed Reading B continued 16. How might the MIT scientists have stated their prediction in an if-then statement? TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS ______ 17. Testing a hypothesis helps you determine if the hypothesis is a. a reasonable answer to your question. b. a controlled experiment. c. efficient. d. an adaptation. ______ 18. If your tests show that your hypothesis is way off the mark, you may have to a. change the topic you are studying. b. buy new measurement tools. c. repeat the tests until you get the results you want. d. change the hypothesis. ______ 19. A controlled experiment compares results from experimental groups with a. results from other experimental groups. b. results from other investigations. c. results from a control group. d. results from past experiments. 20. The purpose of a controlled experiment is to a hypothesis. 21. In a controlled experiment, the control group and the experimental groups are the same except for a factor in the experimental groups called a(n) . 22. In a controlled experiment, the factors that are kept the same between groups are called . 23. How did Czarnowski and Triantafyllou decide to test their hypothesis? 24. Pieces of information gathered through observation or experimentation are called . Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Holt California Physical Science 6 The Nature of Physical Science
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