VOCATIONAL TRANSITION ASSESSMENT free pdf ebook was written by RunnellL on August 05, 2003 consist of 6 page(s). The pdf file is provided by transitioncoalition.org and available on pdfpedia since May 04, 2012.

vocational transition assessment the transition from school to work and/or community..his or her potential and to view meaningful employment as..employment (supported included) or other activities associated with adult living, assessments...

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: May 04, 2012
: RunnellL
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VOCATIONAL TRANSITION ASSESSMENT The transition from school to work and/or community adult living can be difficult for all students—and uniquely so for those with disabilities. The tasks of choosing a job and preparing for work, deciding to go to college or trade school, deciding where to live and with whom and other areas of decision making present youth with disabilities the challenge of having to make complex decisions. Professionals can assist students in making these decisions by involving students in meaningful assessments that will assist in matching the students’ abilities and preferences to appropriate academic, vocational and functional education programs. One area of particular challenge to staff working with students with disabilities is assessing vocational skills and abilities. Obtaining meaningful employment is too important to leave to chance. It requires “thinking up front” to assist the student in being motivated to develop his or her potential and to view meaningful employment as a viable option for ALL students with disabilities. An Operational Definition of Transition Assessment “Transition assessment is a planned, continuous process of obtaining, organizing, and using information to assist individuals with disabilities of all ages a nd their families in making all critical transitions in students’ lives both successful and satisfying.” –Assessment for Transitions Planning (Clark, 1998) Purpose of Transition Assessment A clear understanding of the student’s strengths and needs is critical to developing and implementing effective transition plans. The purpose of transition assessment is to help Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams determine the appropriate courses of study and community/vocational experiences that the student will need to be successful in postschool goals. Whether a student is interested to pursue postsecondary education, trade school, employment (supported included) or other activities associated with adult living, assessments will provide valuable information about the student’s abilities and deficits. Transition assessment can assist teams to: Determine strengths, abilities, and deficits Identify interests and preferences Determine appropriate instructional settings Determine level of self-determination skills Determine necessary accommodations, supports, and services
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Vocational Assessment “Vocational assessment is a systematic, ongoing process designed to help students and their parents, [and other adults involved in the transition process] understand a young person’s vocational preferences and potential” (NICHY, 1990)—the primary purpose of which is to gather “employability” information about the student. The assessment process can include: Observations Anecdotal information On-the-job tryouts Classroom performance examples, Tests Work samples Apprenticeships Paid work experiences Work student program These assessments provide valuable information about the student’s interests, aptitudes, needs for accommodations/modifications, attitude toward work, work habits and behaviors, tolerance for work, and self-concept. And the assessment process provides a circle of feedback where the student learns about him/herself and the parents and professionals learn about the student. The vocational assessment process can take place at different points in a student’s life. However, IDEA ’97 requires the IEP team to consider the vocational needs of all students and to address these needs in IEP development and implementation. Uses of Vocational Assessment Data Category Determination of Career Development Measurement Description To find out where the student stands in terms of: career awareness, orientation, exploration, preparation, placement, or growth/maintenance. Appropriate for middle school/early junior high and beyond (Neubeert, 1985). To identify abilities, interests, capabilities, strengths, needs, potentials, and behaviors within the areas of personal/social functional/academic, community/independent, employment and employability areas. Initial testing appropriate for middle school; more involved analyses appropriate for high school and beyond (Neubeert, 1985). To match an individual’s interests and abilities with appropriate vocational training, community employment, or postsecondary traini ng. Appropriate for high school (Neubeert, 1985). To identify strengths and needs, and to recommend types of adaptive techniques and/or remedial strategies that will lead to improved career development and vocational preparation. Appropriate for high school and young adults and beyond (Neubeert, 1985). Prediction Prescription
Exploration Intervention Advocacy To “try out” different work-related tasks or vocational activities and to determine how interests match abilities for vocational education programs, community jobs, postsecondary, or other adult activities. Appropriate for high school and young adults (Neubeert, 1985). To implement the techniques or remedial strategies that will help a student explore vocational or work options. Appropriate for high school and beyond (Leconte, 1986). To develop a vocational profile to help students, their families, and others identify concrete ways to assist students in achieving their goals. Appropriate for high school and beyond (Leconte, 1986). -NICHCY, Interstate Research Associates, Washington DC Assessment Instruments for Transition Planning The following list of resources is intended to provide a “starting point” for IEP teams to use when determining what type of vocational assessment tool to choose. (No endorsement of any instrument is intended or implied.) Arc’s Self-Determination Scale The Arc of the United States 500 E Border St, Suite 300 Arlington TX 76010 BRIGANCE Life Skills Inventory Curriculum Associates, Inc. PO Box 2001 North Billerica MA 01862 Enderle-Severson Transition Scales Practical Press PO Box 455 Moorhead MN 56561 Checklist of Adaptive Living Skills (CALS) Riverside Publishing Co. 8420 Bryn Mawr Blvd Chicago IL 60631 Functional Skills Assessment and Programming Catalog Milligan Catalogs 11212 S Hawk Hwy Sandy UT 84094 Inventory for Client and Agency Planning (ICAP) Riverside Publishing Co. 8420 Bryn Mawr Blvd. Chicago IL 60631 Life-Centered Career Education (LCCE) Knowledge and Performance Batteries Council for Exceptional Children 1110 N Glebe Rd Arlington VA 22201-5704 Self-Determination Knowledge Scale Wayne State University Office of the Dean 441 Education Bldg. Detroit MI 48202 Independent Living Behavior Checklist West Virginia Research and Training Ctr One Dunbar Plaza, Suite E Dunbar WV 25064 Tests for Everyday Living CTB/McGraw-Hill 20 Ryan Ranch Rd Monterey CA 93940 Transition Behavior Scale Hawthorne Educational Services, Inc. PO Box 7570 Columbia MO 65205 Transition Planning Inventory PRO-ED, Inc. 8700 Shoal Creek Blvd Austin TX 78757 Transition Skills Inventory PRO-ED, Inc. 8700 Shoal Creek Blvd Austin TX 78757 Work Adjustment Rating Form Educational Testing Service Princeton NJ 08541 Work Adjustment Scale Hawthorne Educational Services, Inc. PO Box 7570 Columbia MO 65205 Taken in part from Assessment for Transitions Planning, Clark, 1998, PRO-ED.
Professionals in the Vocational Assessment Process It is important for professionals to collaborate in the assessment process. There are many professionals, with various areas of expertise, who can contribute at some level. These professionals may include: Parents Special education teacher Guidance counselors Vocational educators Vocational evaluators (also referred to as Vocational Assessment Specialists) Rehabilitation professionals School psychologists Social workers Employers Each of these professionals will play a different role in the assessment process. For example: Special education teacher - She/he will work closely with the student and family in identifying an individual’s needs and areas of interest and in collaboration with the family and other IEP team members, and will work to develop IEP goals for the student. The special education teacher will likely be responsible for planning what vocational assessments are needed, and will collect information formally and anecdotally about the student’s academic strengths, employability skills, interpersonal skills and other skills related to career awareness and aptitude. Guidance Counselor – In some schools this is the person responsible for working with students to plan their future, including students with disabilities. A counselor may assist students by giving the assessment, or by helping students explore college/trade school or employment options through programs available on computer, e.g., Career Information Systems (CIS). The counselor may also be the case manager responsible for collecting and coordinating assessment information from teacher, parents and others. Vocational educators – Vocational educators are those teachers who teach such classes as auto repair or data entry. They can assist by working with vocational evaluators, special education teachers and counselors to assess students in the vocational classroom or work site. They may also monitor student progress in vocational programs through curriculum-based vocational assessments. Vocational Evaluators/Vocational Assessment Specialists – These are the professionals most likely to do vocational assessments of a student. They may also serve as consultants to others, or they may coordinate the assessment activities of others. These are professionals who frequently work within secondary or vocational school settings, within community-based programs, in industry, adult rehabilitative
services, adult job training services, and community colleges or other postsecondary educational settings. Parents – Parents play a vital role in assisting their students to achieve their desired postschool outcomes that include finding and maintaining employment. Parents are the foremost advocate and advisor for their student and they can provide valuable support and resources during the assessment process. Parents know their child! One simple example of how a parent can support the process is by providing transportation to a work site when other means of transportation are unavailable or limited. Transition Assessment Sources The Individuals with Disability Education Act of 1997 (IDEA ’97) permits all available evaluation data to be considered when determining assessment needs for eligibility and/or IEP development. Frequently standardized assessments are viewed as providing the more “valued” data for defining a student’s strengths and deficits. However, other sources of assessment have relevance to the process and should be considered by the team in proportion to standardized assessments. Some sources of non-standardized assessments include: Informal interviews with student and parents Vocational assessments Interest inventories Teacher observations Information from guidance counselors Formal assessments Previous IEP’s and diagnostic summaries Permanent record Results of Student-Centered Assessments Student-centered assessment assists teams to develop and implement quality transition programs and experiences. The results of student-centered assessment are: Individualized ongoing process for success Defines goals Drives curriculum and instruction Areas of assessments may include: § § § § § § Work/job skills Basic skills Communication skills Ability to follow directions Personal hygiene and grooming Ability to work with others
§ § Work habits Preferred learning style All of this information can then inform and be articulated in the Present Level of Educational Performance (PLEP) that is a required content area of the Individualized Education Program (IEP). Present Levels of Educational Performance (PLEP) Oregon Administrative Rule 581-015-0068 states: (1) The individualized education program shall include: (a) A statement of the child’s present levels of educational performance, including how the child’s disability affects the child’s involvement and progress in the general curriculum. A good portion of the information contained in the PLEP is derived from the assessments given. The PLEP must include how the student is currently functioning and is based on information derived from assessments such as classroom tests and assignments, standardized tests, observations, feedback from parents, students, teachers, related service providers, outside agency participants and other involved parties. This statement must also include how the child’s disability affects his or her ability to participate and progress in the general curriculum and how the disability affects the student’s ability to learn. A clear understanding of the student’s present level of performance is critical to developing an effective special education program that includes the appropriate accommodations and modifications necessary for the student to learn. The PLEP should be consistent with the information derived from assessments conducted and/or observations made of the student. Conclusion Early vocational skill building and ongoing vocational assessment can and will support students to make a successful transition from school to the world of work. Vocational assessment can assist parents, professionals and the student to think strategically and plan thoughtfully and carefully about the future.
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