Building Code Official's Handbook

Building Code Official's Handbook free pdf ebook was written by Roger on April 27, 2007 consist of 30 page(s). The pdf file is provided by www.state.ia.us and available on pdfpedia since April 18, 2012.

building code official's handbook introduction the charge given a building official is..exists, however, some confusion among some building officials as to..commonly asked questions. iv. a sample checklist for exempted buildings. appendix a...

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Building Code Official's Handbook pdf




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Building Code Official's Handbook - page 1
Building Code Official's Handbook INTRODUCTION The charge given a Building Official is the same as that given the Architectural Examining Board, the Engineering and Land Surveying Examining Board, and the Landscape Architectural Examining Board, safeguarding the health, safety and welfare of Iowa citizens by assuring the adequacy of buildings and their surroundings constructed in this state. Although the charge is the same, the approach must differ. Building Officials review construction documents, authorize construction of new buildings, and monitor existing structures for code compliance. The Boards assure the public that design professions have met minimum standards. We rely on you, the Building Official, to assist in compliance with the laws governing the practice of architecture, engineering, and landscape architecture in Iowa. Building Officials may, in turn, rely on the Architectural, Engineering and Land Surveying, or Landscape Architectural Board(s) as a source of information and support. There exists, however, some confusion among some Building Officials as to the requirements of the laws governing the practice of architecture, engineering, and landscape architecture in Iowa. This reference manual is intended as an aid for contractors, owners, developers and building officials. This handbook does not attempt to address all the questions concerning the practices of architecture, engineering, and landscape architecture. TABLE OF CONTENTS The handbook is broken into four sections: I. Excerpts from the Iowa Law A. Architectural Law (544A) B. Engineering and Land Surveying (542B) Law. C. Landscape Architectural Law (544B) II. A suggested checklist for the building inspectors prior to the issuance of a Building Permit. Each inspection department in the State is unique and has its own procedures. This checklist is solely a guide for those seeking help. III. Some of the most commonly asked questions. IV. A sample checklist for exempted buildings. Appendix A – Architectural Building Matrix Appendix B- Engineering Building Matrix 6/5/2006 1
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Building Code Official's Handbook - page 2
Iowa Department of Commerce Professional Licensing and Regulation Division 1920 S.E. Hulsizer Ankeny IA 50021 Iowa Architectural Examining Board..........................................515/281-5910 http://www.state.ia.us/iarch Iowa Engineering and Land Surveying Examining Board................................. . . . . 515/281-4126 http://www.state.ia.us/engls Iowa Landscape Architectural Examining Board……………………………515/281-4126 http:www.state.ia.us/lsarch To determine whether or not an individual is licensed/registered in any of the above professions go to http://www.licensediniowa.gov 2
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 3
I. EXCERPTS FROM THE IOWA LAW A. IOWA ARCHITECTURAL LAW: Some excerpts from Chapter 544A, the Iowa Architectural Law, follow. 544A.1 PRACTICE REGULATED -CREATION OF ARCHITECTURAL EXAMINING BOARD. The practice of architecture affects the public health, safety, and welfare and is subject to regulation and control in the public interest. Only persons qualified by the laws of the state are authorized to engage in the practice of architecture in the state. 544A.15 UNLAWFUL PRACTICE VIOLATIONS PENALTY- CONSENT AGREEMENT It is unlawful for a person to engage in or to offer to engage in the practice of architecture in this state or use in connection with the persons name, the title architect, registered architect, or architectural designer, or to imply that the person provides or offers to provide professional architectural services, or to otherwise assume, use or advertise any title, word, figure, sign, card, advertisement, or other symbol or description tending to convey the impression that the person is an architect or is engaged in the practice of architecture unless the person is qualified by registration as provided in this chapter. A person who violates this section is guilty of a serious misdemeanor. 544A.16 DEFINITIONS As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires: “Architect” means a person qualified to engage in the practice of architecture who holds a current valid registration under the laws of this state. “Direct supervision and responsible charge” means an architects personal supervisory control of work as to which the architect has detailed professional knowledge. In respect to preparing technical submissions, direct supervision and responsible charge means that the architect has the exercising, directing, guiding, and restraining power over the design of the building or structure and the preparation of the documents, and exercises professional judgment in all architectural matters embodied in the documents. Merely reviewing the work prepared by another person does not constitute direct supervision and responsible charge unless the reviewer actually exercises supervision and control and is in responsible charge of the work. “Practice of architecture” means performing, or offering to perform, professional architectural services in connection with the design, preparation of construction documents, or construction of one or more buildings, structures, or related projects, and 3
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 4
the space within and surrounding the buildings or structures, or the addition to or alteration of one or more buildings or structures, which buildings or structures have as their principal purpose human occupancy or habitation, if the safeguarding of life, health, or property is concerned or involved, unless the buildings or structures are excepted from the requirements of this chapter of section 544A.18. “Professional architectural services” means consultation, investigation, evaluation, programming, planning, preliminary design and feasibility studies, designs, drawings, specifications and other technical submissions, administration of construction contracts, observation of construction site progress, or other services and instruments of service related to architecture. A person is performing or offering to perform professional architectural services within the meaning of this chapter, if the person, by verbal claim, sign, advertisement, letterhead, card, or in any other way represents the person to be an architect or through the use of a title implies that the person is an architect. “Technical submissions” means the designs, drawings, sketches, specifications, details, studies, and other technical reports, including construction documents, prepared in the course of the practice of architecture. The Iowa Architectural Law does provide that certain building types do not require the services of a registered architect. These are spelled out in section 544A.18 of the Code of Iowa. 544A.18 EXCEPTIONS Notwithstanding the other provisions of this chapter, persons who are not registered architects may perform planning and design services in connection with any of the following: 1. Detached residential buildings containing twelve or fewer family dwelling units of not more than three stories and outbuildings in connection with the buildings. 2. Buildings used primarily for agricultural purposes including grain elevators and feed mills. 3. Nonstructural alterations to existing buildings which do not change the use of the building: a) From any other use to a place of assembly of people or public gathering. b) From any other use to a place of residence not exempted by subsection 1. c) From an industrial or warehouse use to a commercial or office use not exempted by subsection 4. 4. Warehouses and commercial buildings not more than one story in height, and not exceeding ten thousand square feet in gross floor area; commercial buildings not more than two stories in height and not exceeding six thousand square feet in gross floor area and light industrial buildings. 4
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 5
5. Factory built buildings which are not more than two stories in height and not exceeding twenty thousand square feet in gross floor area or which are certified by a professional engineer registered under chapter 542B. 6. Churches and accessory buildings, whether attached or separate, not more than two stories in height and not exceeding two thousand square feet in gross floor area. Appendixes “A” and “B” contain a matrix describing by building type and use when the services of a registered architect or licensed professional engineer are required or may not be required in connection with new building construction, and alterations to existing buildings. 544A.28 SEAL REQUIRED An Architect shall procure a seal with which to identify all technical submissions issued by the architect for use in this state. The seal shall be of a design, content, and size designated by the board. Technical submissions prepared by an architect, or under an architect's direct supervision and responsible charge, shall be stamped with the impression of the architect's seal. The board shall designate by rule the location, frequency, and other requirements for use of the seal. An architect shall not impress the architect's seal on technical submissions if the architect was not the author of the technical submissions or if they were not prepared under the architect's direct supervision and responsible charge. An architect who merely reviews standardized construction documents for preengineered or prototype buildings, is not the author of the technical submissions and the technical submissions were not prepared under a reviewing architect's responsible charge. An architect shall cause those portions of technical submissions prepared by a professional consultant to be stamped with the impression of the seal of the professional consultant, with a clear identification of the consultant's areas of responsibility, signature, and date of issuance. A public official charged with the enforcement of the state building code, or a municipal or county building code, shall not accept or approve any technical submissions involving the practice of architecture unless the technical submissions have been stamped with the architect’s seal (or engineer’s certification and seal) as required by this section or unless the applicant has certified on the technical submission to the applicability of a specific exception under section 544A.18 permitting the preparation of technical submissions by a person not registered under this chapter. A building permit issued with respect to technical submissions which do not conform to the requirements of this section is invalid. 5
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 6
SEAL AND CERTIFICATE OF RESPONSIBILITY: A legible rubber stamp or other facsimile (electronic or digital) of the seal may be used. Every registered architect is required by Iowa law to obtain a seal (or stamp) which shall have his or her name, REGISTERED ARCHITECT, IOWA, and registration number on it. The seal and certification may be applied electronically or by legible rubber stamp. Information requested in each information block must be typed or legibly printed. THE SIGNATURE MUST BE APPLIED IN PERMANENT CONTRASTING INK OR BY DIGITAL SIGNATURE AS DEFINED AND GOVERNED BY IOWA CODE 554D. Following is a sample of the wording of the architect information block which should be used on each technical submission: Each technical submission submitted to a building official (the official copy) shall contain an information block on its first page or on an attached cover sheet for application of a seal by the architect in responsible charge and an information block for application of a seal by each professional consultant contributing to the technical submission. The seal and original signature shall be applied only to a final technical submission. Each official copy of a technical submission shall be stapled, bound or otherwise attached together so as to clearly establish the complete extent of the technical 6
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 7
submission. Each information block shall display the seal of the individual responsible for that portion of the technical submission. The area of responsibility for each sealing professional shall be designated in the area provided in the information block, so that responsibility for the entire technical submission is clearly established by the combination of the stated seal responsibilities. The information requested in each information block must be typed or legibly printed in permanent ink or a secure electronic signature. An electronic signature as defined in or governed by Iowa Code chapter 554D meets the signature requirements of this rule if it is protected by a security procedure, as defined in Iowa Code section 554D.103(14), such as digital signature technology. It is the licensee’s responsibility to ensure, prior to affixing an electronic signature to a technical submission, that security procedures are adequate to (1) verify that the signature is that of a specific person and(2) detect any changes that may be made or attempted after the signature of the specific person is affixed. The seal implies responsibility for the entire technical submission unless the area of responsibility is clearly identified in the information accompanying the seal. 7
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 8
B. IOWA ENGINEERING AND LAND SURVEYING LAW: Some excerpts from Chapter 542B, the Iowa Engineering Law, follow. 542B.1 LICENSED ENGINEERS AND LAND SURVEYORS No person shall practice professional engineering in the state unless the person is a licensed professional engineer as provided in this chapter, except as permitted by section 542B.26. 542B.2 TERMS DEFINED. The term “professional engineer” as used in this chapter shall mean a person, who, by reason of the persons knowledge of mathematics, the physical sciences, and the principles of engineering, acquired by professional education or practical experience, is qualified to engage in engineering practice as hereinafter defined. The practice of “professional engineering” within the meaning and intent of this chapter includes any professional service, such as consultation, investigation, evaluation, planning, designing, or responsible supervision of construction in connection with structures, buildings, equipment, processes, works or projects, wherein the public welfare, or the safeguarding of life, health or property is or may be concerned or involved, when such professional service requires the application of engineering principles and data. The mere execution, as a contractor, of work designed by a professional engineer, or the supervision of the construction of such work as a supervisor or superintendent shall not be deemed to be active practice in engineering work. The term “engineer intern” as used in this chapter shall mean a person who passes an examination in the fundamental engineering subjects, but shall not entitle the person to claim to be a professional engineer. The term in “responsible charge” as used in this chapter means having direct control of and personal supervision over any professional engineering work. One or more persons, jointly or separately, may be in responsible charge. The term engineering documents as used in this chapter includes all plans, specifications, drawings, and reports, if the preparation thereof constitutes or requires the practice of professional engineering. 8
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 9
542B.16 SEAL CERTIFICATE OF RESPONSIBILITY REPRODUCTIONS 1. Each licensee, upon licensure, shall obtain a seal of a design approved by the board, bearing the licensees name, Iowa license number, and the words professional engineer or land surveyor or both, as the case may be. A legible rubber stamp or other facsimile of the seal, electronic or digital may be used and shall have the same effect as the use of the actual seal. The seal and certification may be applied electronically or by legible rubber stamp. Information requested in each information block must be typed or legibly printed. THE SIGNATURE MUST BE APPLIED IN PERMANENT CONTRASTING INK OR BY DIGITAL SIGNATURE AS DEFINED AND GOVERNED BY IOWA CODE 554D. 2. All engineering documents and land surveying documents shall be dated and shall contain all of the following: a) The signature of the licensee in responsible charge. b) A certification that the work was done by the licensee or under the licensee’s direct personal supervision. c) The Iowa legible seal of the licensee. 3. An agency, subdivision, or municipal corporation of this state, or an officer of the state, subdivision, or municipal corporation, shall not file for record or approve any engineering document or land surveying document which does not comply with this section. 4. A licensee shall not place the licensees signature or seal on any engineering document or land surveying document unless the licensee was in responsible charge of the work, except that the licensee may do so if the licensee contributed to the work and the licensee in responsible charge has signed and certified the work. 5. Violation of this section by a licensee shall be deemed fraud and deceit in the licensee’s practice. 9
Building Code Official's Handbook - page 10
542B.26 APPLICABILITY OF CHAPTER This chapter shall not apply to any fulltime employee of any corporation while doing work for that corporation, except in case of corporations offering their services to the public as professional engineers. Corporations engaged in designing buildings or works for public or private interests not their own shall be deemed to be engaged in the practice of engineering within the meaning of this chapter. With respect to such corporations, all principal designing or construction engineers shall hold certificates of licensure issued under this chapter. This chapter shall not apply to corporations engaged solely in constructing buildings and works. This chapter shall not apply to any professional engineer working for the United States government, nor to any professional engineer employed as an assistant to a professional engineer licensed under this chapter if such assistant is not placed in responsible charge of any work involving the practice of engineering, nor to the operation or maintenance of power and mechanical plants or systems. ENGINEERING CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS Each engineering or land surveying document submitted to a client or any public agency, hereinafter referred to as the official copy (or official copies), shall contain an information block on its first page or an attached cover sheet for application of a seal by the licensee in responsible charge and an information block for application of a seal by each professional consultant contributing to the submission. In lieu of each contributing professional consultant providing an information block on the front page or attached cover sheet for application of a seal, a table shall be provided that identifies the contributing professionals and where their respective information blocks can be found within the document. The seal and original signature shall be applied only to a final submission. Each official copy (or copies) of a submission shall be stapled, bound or otherwise attached together so as to clearly establish the complete extent of submission. 10
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