PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE

PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE free pdf ebook was written by KevinN on February 14, 2012 consist of 28 page(s). The pdf file is provided by aamp.net and available on pdfpedia since April 15, 2012.

phlebotomy study guide terminology 1) the ability of the body to maintain equilibrium..patient who is talking on the telephone touching electrical equipment while drawing..activate, confine, escape disinfectants are: a. b. c. d. 8. first do no harm first things first quality is...

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PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE pdf




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PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 1
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE TERMINOLOGY 1) The ability of the body to maintain equilibrium or “steady state” is called: A. B. C. D. 2) hematology homeostasis hemochromatosis hemostasis What does NPO mean? A. B. C. D. fasting newborn next priority nothing by mouth 3) Which of the following is a suffix? A. B. C. D. an neo oxia ren 4) Inflammation of a vein is: A. B. C. D. angitis cellulitis phlebitis vasomyelitis 5) CBC is an abbreviation for: A. B. complete blood cells complete blood count All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
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PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 2
C. D. 6) cerebrospinal blood count cerebrospinal blood cells Which of the following terms means muscle pain? A. B. C. D. atrophy myalgia osteomyelitis tendonitis 7) The word root “erythro” means: A. B. C. D. cell earth-like oxygen red 8) The abbreviation PT stands for: A. B. C. D. partial thromboplastin patient temperature prothrombin time phenylketonuria 9) What word means “controlling blood flow?” A. B. C. D. hemolysis hemostasis homeostasis venostasis 10) In the clinical laboratory, the abbreviation CSF is used for: A. B. C. D. clinical serum fluid cerebrospinal fluid cerebral serum fluid clinical spinal fluid All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 3
LAB SAFETY 1) In which instance could an electrical shock to a patient most likely occur? A. B. C. D. 2. drawing a patient’s blood during an electrical storm drawing a patient’s blood while standing in a puddle of water drawing blood from a patient who is talking on the telephone touching electrical equipment while drawing a patient’s blood Which is not true of disinfectants? Disinfectants are: A. B. C. D. 3. corrosive chemical compounds safe to use on human skin used to kill pathogenic microorganisms used on surfaces and instruments If a health care provider is in an area of the health care facility where a fire starts, she or he should first: A. B. C. D. attempt to extinguish the fire, using the proper equipment pull the lever in the fire alarm box close all the doors and windows before leaving the area block the entrances so that others will not enter the fire area 4. What are the major principles of self-protection from radiation exposure? Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel All Rights Reserved
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 4
A. B. C. D. 5. distance, combustibility, and shielding time, distance, and shielding anticorrosive, shielding, and distance combustibility, anticorrosive, and distance Primum non nocere comes from the Hippocratic oath and means: A. B. C. D. first do no harm first things first quality is foremost ready to serve 6. What does the National Fire Protection ssociation (NFPA) codeword RACE mean? A. B. C. D. rescue, alarm, confine, extinguish rescue, activate, cover, extinguish run, alarm, counter, extinguish run, activate, confine, escape 7. Disinfectants are: A. B. C. D. chemicals that are used to inhibit the growth and development of microorganisms but do not necessarily kill them used frequently on skin chemicals that are used to remove or kill pathogenic microorganisms quaternary ammonium compounds 8. If an electrical accident occurs involving electrical shock to an employee or a patient, the first thing that the health care worker should do is: A. B. move the victim shut off electrical power All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 5
C. D. 9. start CPR place a blanket over the victim Airborne precautions require the phlebotomist to wear: A. B. C. D. a mask a gown eye protection an N95 respirator 10. It is important for the phlebotomist to visually inspect the needle tip before inserting it in a patient’s vein to: A. B. C. D. check for the presence of bacteria check the needle point for imperfections that might damage the patient’s vein ensure that the bevel is down during insertion make certain that the needle is not outdated 11. Which of the following is a required characteristic of a sharps container? A. B. C. D. bright red or orange in color leak-proof and puncture-resistant marked with a biohazard symbol all of the above 12. The first step in giving mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is to: A. B. C. open the airway by checking for obstructions listen and feel for return of air from the victims mouth determine whether the victim is conscious by gently shaking the victim and yelling, “Are you okay?” All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 6
D. look for the victim’s chest to rise and fall 13. If a chemical is spilled onto a health care worker, she or he should first: A. B. C. D. rub vigorously with one hand wait to see whether it starts to burn the skin rinse the area with a neutral chemical rinse the area with water 14. For safety in the health care facility, which of the following should not occur? A. B. C. D. needles, syringes, and lancets should be disposed of in a special sturdy container liquid waste should be discarded rapidly the specimen collection area should be disinfected periodically according to the clinical laboratory schedule the patients’ specimens should be covered at all times during transportation 15. Mixing equipment from different manufacturers can result in: A. B. C. D. improper needle fit needle coming unscrewed tubes popping off all of the above BLOOD COLLECTION TECHNIQUES 1. Why are gauze pads rather than cotton balls considered a better choice for covering the site while holding pressure following venipucture? Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel All Rights Reserved
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 7
A. B. C. D. 2. gauze pads are more sterile gauze pads create more pressure cottons balls are not as absorbent cotton fibers tend to stick to the site The evacuated tube system requires: A. B. C. D. a special plastic adapter, a syringe, and an evacuated sample tube an evacuated sample tube, a plastic adapter, and a double-pointed needle a double-pointed needle, a plastic holder, and a winged infusion set a special plastic adapter, an anticoagulant, and a double-pointed needle 3. Identify the tubes needed to collect a complete blood count (CBC), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and STAT potassium by color and in the proper order of collection for a multi-tube draw. A. B. C. D. lavender top, SST, royal blue top gold top, yellow top, light blue top light blue top, green top, lavender top red top, gray top, light blue top 4. An acceptable blood smear: A. B. C. D. covers the entire surface of the slide forms a bullet shape has a feathered uniform edge is short and thick 5. For newborns, the penetration depth of lancets for blood collection must be: A. 3.0 mm or less All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 8
B. C. D. 6. 2.8 mm or less 2.6 mm or less 2.4 mm or less Blood collected in a red stopper tube: A. B. C. D. may be used for most coagulation tests will not clot yields plasma and cells yields serum and clotted red cells 7. Which of the following is a commonly used intravenous device that is sometimes used in the collection of blood from patients who are difficult to collect blood by conventional methods? A. B. C. D. heparinized Natelson tube BD Unopette Butterfly needle BD Microtainer 8. All of the following tube stopper colors indicate the presence (or absence) and type of additive in the tube EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. green lavender light blue royal blue 9. Proper finger puncture technique includes all of the following EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. avoid squeezing or vigorous massaging puncture parallel to the whorls of the fingerprint puncture the middle or ring finger wipe away the first drop of blood All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 9
10. Which of the following procedures does not require cleansing the blood collection site with povidone- iodine solution? A. B. C. D. therapeutic drug monitoring collection arterial blood gas collection blood culture collection blood donation collection 11. What do you do if the patient’s physician is in the room and the specimen is ordered STAT? A. B. C. D. ask the patient’s nurse what to do come back later when the physician has gone politely introduce yourself, explain why you are there, and ask permission to proceed say “Excuse me” and proceed to collect the specimen 12. In which instance is needle recapping recommended? A. B. C. D. after collecting a specimen in a syringe after collecting a specimen in the emergency room after collecting blood gases recapping is never recommended procedure 13. The following tests have all been ordered at the same time on different inpatients. There is only one phlebotomist on duty. Which test should the phlebotomist collect first? A. B. C. D. ASAP CBC in oncology Hemoglobin in labor and delivery Timed blood cultures in ICU STAT electrolytes in the emergency room (ER) Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel All Rights Reserved
PHLEBOTOMY STUDY GUIDE - page 10
14. You need to collect blood cultures, a gray top, and a lavender top on an adult with difficult veins. Which specimens can be collected by skin puncture? A. B. C. D. all of them blood cultures and gray top only gray top and lavender top only none of them 15. Which of the following is true concerning skin puncture on an infant compared with the dorsal hand venipuncture procedure? A. B. C. D. It is less stressful for the infant There is less dilution of the specimen with tissue fluid Hemolysis occurs more often Fewer punctures are required 16. It is not a good idea to collect a CBC specimen from a screaming infant because the: A. B. C. D. platelets are more likely to clump specimen will be hemoconcentrated specimen will be more likely to hemolyze white blood count may be falsely elevated 17. Why should a laboratory report form indicate the fact that a specimen has been collected by skin puncture? A. B. C. D. for liability and insurance purposes some test results may vary depending on the source of the specimen so that subsequent specimens will be collected by skin puncture also so that the patient’s nurse can check the site for signs of infection All Rights Reserved Copyright © 2012 American Association Of Medical Personnel
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