U.S. CONCEALED CARRY AND CONCEALED CARRY MAGAZINE DISCLAIMER

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U.S. CONCEALED CARRY AND CONCEALED CARRY MAGAZINE DISCLAIMER  - page 1
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www.USConcealedCarry.com U.S. CONCEALED CARRY AND CONCEALED CARRY MAGAZINE DISCLAIMER Concealed Carry Magazine, USCCA and Delta Media, LLC are not responsible for mishaps of any kind which may occur from use of published firearms information, equipment recommendations, tactics and training advice or from recommendations by staff or contributing writers. Carrying a concealed weapon can be very dangerous if you are not well trained and familiar with the weapon you carry. Now don’t get us wrong, it’s not the government’s job to tell you how much training you need! It is your responsibility as an armed citizen. Notice: Some advertisements may concern products that are not legally for sale to California residents or residents in other jurisdictions. If this bothers you, GET INVOLVED! Support the bill of rights and vote for folks that believe in the natural born right to self-defense. No advertised or reviewed item is intended for sale in those states, or in those areas where local restrictions may limit or prohibit the purchase, carrying or use of certain items. Check local laws before purchasing. Mention of a product or service in advertisements or text does not necessarily mean that it has been tested or approved by Concealed Carry Magazine, USCCA or Delta Media, LLC. AUTHOR’S DISCLAIMER This publication is designed to provide the authors’ beliefs and opinions in regard to the subject matter covered. They are sold with the understanding that neither the authors nor the publisher are engaged in rendering professional psychological, legal, political, firearm instructional, or other professional services through the dissemination of this publication. If expert assistance, instruction, or counseling are needed, the services of a competent professional should be sought. “The 7 Things You Must Know Before You Draw Your Gun.” March 2011 All rights reserved. Copyright © 2003-2011 by US Concealed Carry Association No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission from the publisher.
U.S. CONCEALED CARRY AND CONCEALED CARRY MAGAZINE DISCLAIMER  - page 3
THE 7 THINGS YOU MUST KNOW BEFORE YOU DRAW YOUR GUN Table of Contents INTRODUCTION By Patrick Kilchermann ASKING THE RIGHT QUESTION: “WHEN DO I HAVE TO SHOOT?” by Don Stahlnecker It is decisive It is flexible It is tactically sound It is pertinent It is legally safe It is morally correct It is technically correct DON’T SHOOT! TRAINING FOR THE DRAW IS JUST AS EFFECTIVE by Kevin Michalowski The First Step The Heart of the Matter Sidebar: The rules for dry training Sidebar: Simple rules for effective carry FORCE ON FORCE NOTEBOOK: REVISITING THE 21 FOOT RULE by Jack Rumbaugh 10 SECONDS TO FIGHT by Armando Basulto Working live fire drills with the SIG 220 5 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 12 3 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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Table of Contents (con’t) HANDGUN RETENTION: THE ARMED CITIZEN’S PERSPECTIVE by Massad Ayoob Awareness, Alertness, Preparedness Hardware Solutions: the Guns Hardware Solutions: the Holsters Software Solution: Weapon Retention Skills Bottom Line Contacts: FORCE ON FORCE NOTEBOOK: ONE ARMED DRAW by Jack Rumbaugh FROM INCIDENT THROUGH ACQUITTAL: ARRESTED! by Marty Hayes, JD FROM INCIDENT TO ACQUITTAL: THE COST OF DEFENSE by Marty Hayes, JD 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 16 17 19 4 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
U.S. CONCEALED CARRY AND CONCEALED CARRY MAGAZINE DISCLAIMER  - page 5
THE 7 THINGS YOU MUST KNOW BEFORE YOU DRAW YOUR GUN INTRODUCTION By Patrick Kilchermann United States Concealed Carry Association W to our great-grand-children’s generation to be constantly proving to our fellow Americans that gun owners are the most responsible group of people our country has. If we do this… I am confident that we’ll never lose our constitutionally guaranteed right to keep and bear arms. Lives. Any time you venture into public with a self defense firearm at your side, you are putting lives in danger. They may be criminal lives, it may be your own life, or they may be innocent lives. Your sidearm and its ammunition place an incredible burden of responsibility on your shoulders. Every decision you make has to take that responsibility into consideration. I am not trying to frighten anyone, and I’m sure that most of the people reading this will have heard the above message many times. This immense burden of responsibility is why carrying concealed works. That responsibility is why violent felons fear responsibly armed citizens more than they fear armed police officers. It is a GOOD responsibility, and if it seems a bit daunting to you… well, that’s a good thing. In all my years of being part of the USCCA, having watched tens of thousands of people join our Association, I’ve never seen anybody take this responsibility lightly- at least not after the first time they holster their gun. As intimidating as it can be, holstering your pistol for the first time, being forced to draw it and defend yourself is at least a thousand times heavier of a choice. If you’re drawing, it’s because someone is about to do you great bodily harm. You’re backed into a corner, and you have to choose between succumbing to the wills of a killer, or to defend yourself. This is the ultimate lose-lose situation, and as the responsible, innocent citizen- the victim- it is you who has the most to lose. At the moment when your life is threatened, you will have about a thousand decisions to make. The problem is, you’ll only have time to make two of them- three if you’re very well trained. The solution then, is to make the other 998 decisions before this moment of truth. And that, friends, is the purpose of this report. Before you begin reading, please make me one promise. Please make this promise to your friends, to your family, to your great-grand-children, to yourself, to the 56,000 members of the USCCA, to the founding fathers of this country, and the thousands hen I was asked to create the report called ‘The 7 Things You Must Know Before Drawing Your Gun’, about a thousand critical thoughts flooded my mind. “First of all”, I remember saying, “There are far more than seven things that anybody needs to know before they draw their gun. In fact, there are probably seven hundred.” My fellow USCCA Staff member replied, “I know that… you know that. Hell, most of our 56,000 members know that. But Pat, this report is going to be circulated into some pretty distant circles of people. Not all of them are going to have dedicated as much thought to carrying concealed as the average USCCA member.” What could I say; my friend had a great point. So, I set out to form a collection of some of the best advice that I could find, and I swear to you, I tried to limit my findings to the seven things that you MUST know before carrying concealed- as advertised in the title to this report. Try as I could, I missed the mark. I am giving you EIGHT things… eight things that you absolutely must know before drawing your gun in a self-defense situation. Okay, before we begin, let’s talk bluntly for a moment. The fact of the matter is that carrying a concealed handgun for self protection is NOT something you should take lightly, and here’s why: There are rights at stake, and there are lives at stake. Rights. We all believe in the fundamental human right of a law- abiding citizen to keep, and to bear arms. I happen to believe this is a universal human right, not limited to Americans, but very few other places in the world recognize it. Regardless, we have the right. Despite my beliefs, and despite what the founders of this constitutional republic determined long before my time to be correct, many jurisdictions in the USA have decided that they have the authority to override the constitution, eliminating our right to keep and bear arms. As folks who carry concealed, we are on the front lines of the Second Amendment, and we owe it to the founding fathers, and 5 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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of people you will encounter as you go about your days with your sidearm locked and loaded on your hip (or under your coat, or in your pocket, or on your ankle!): Promise me… Promise all of us that if this material is NEW to you, you will make this report the BEGINNING of your journey toward responsibly carrying a concealed weapon for self defense. I now give you, the 7 8 things that you absolutely must know before you draw your weapon. -Patrick Kilchermann, USCCA It is decisive It is easy for the armchair quarterback to scrutinize a deadly encounter reported in the news and describe some superior course of action the victims should have taken. This is because the armchair quarterback is in a relaxed, contemplative environment where his thinking skills are at their best. He can calmly spend ten minutes contemplating a situation that happened violently in fewer than two seconds. His proposals are probably even correct. However, it is very unlikely that he could achieve that same well thought out course of action if he tried to do so while actively in the middle of that same violent event. The key to dealing with a high speed, high stress situation is to have a solid course of action planned ahead of time. Asking, “When can I shoot?” is indeed part of making that plan. But “When can I shoot?” does not help answer the question, “Should I shoot?” The fact that you can do something does not mean that you should do it, nor does the fact that you are not supposed to do something necessarily mean that you should not. There are other factors to take into consideration, and if the goal is to have a course of action planned out ahead of time, simply knowing what you are allowed to do is a bit short of the goal of knowing exactly what you need to do. In contrast, the answer to the question, “When do I have to shoot?” is far more decisive. If, in any situation, the answer to that question is yes, then no more debate or consideration is necessary. There is only one thing to do. You must shoot! ASKING THE RIGHT QUESTION: “WHEN DO I HAVE TO SHOOT?” by Don Stahlnecker hen it comes to self defense, I find that people are always asking the wrong question. People always want to know, “When can I shoot?” Now, I’m not saying that is a bad question. I’m only saying that there is a much better question, a much more appropriate question to be asked. Yet I have never heard it. Perhaps I never will. But I hold out hope that instead some day I will hear someone ask, “When do I have to shoot?” Here’s why. W It is flexible Some will reject my argument as superfluous and assert, “When you can shoot, you will shoot.” But such a strategy limits one’s course of action since can will now always be interpreted as must. Suppose a hypothetical person named Tom is woken at three in the morning by a cacophony which instinct tells him means serious trouble. He jumps up and peeks out of his window just in time to see his girlfriend’s drunk and abusive ex-husband approaching his house carrying a rifle. Can Tom shoot the murderous ex to defend his own life? Of course. So, knowing that the ex means business, Tom retrieves his shotgun and prepares for the confrontation. This course of action is dictated by can equals will. But there may be other options Tom could, and probably should consider. It is tactically sound Implicit in the question, “When do I have to shoot?” is the idea that you are going to avoid shooting whenever possible--which is good, because avoidance is almost always the best course of action, both during the encounter and for the legal battle after the encounter. Our hypothetical Tom is about to be in a shootout, and the problem is that a shootout always entails a high level of risk. For the shooting to be justified, Tom’s own life must be in danger. To put it bluntly, the aggressor will have the same opportunity to shoot Tom as Tom has to shoot the aggressor. And regrettably, one very likely outcome of a gunfight is that both participants will end up killing each other. If we acknowledge that Tom’s primary goal An armchair quarterback can calmly spend ten minutes contemplating a situation that happened violently in fewer than two seconds. 6 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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is to stay alive and, even better, uninjured, then we must note that Tom’s odds are not good in a shootout. But if Tom was able to contrive such an advantage in this gun fight, if he found a way to give himself such an upperhand that he could shoot the aggressor without any real risk to himself, then Tom would be at risk from the legal system which will have to wonder, “If you were in such a position of safety, if you were not in danger, why did you have to shoot?” Either way, this course of action leaves Tom at great risk. A solid principle of tactics is to follow the course of action which accomplishes the goal with minimal risk. If Tom instead snuck out the back door or even jumped out of his bedroom window and ran away, his odds of survival would have been substantially higher and the consequences of the aftermath substantially lower. Admittedly not all encounters have a safe solution such as the one I offer Tom, and sometimes the answer to the question, “Do I have to shoot?” is yes. In those situations, shooting is the tactically sound thing to do. But a good tactician will consider all the options, not just those which involve shooting. Despite how it might seem at times, the law makers do not just arbitrarily decide what is and what is not justifiable homicide. Instead they consider under what circumstances a person might be compelled to use deadly force to protect themselves and they attempt to write the laws accordingly. In other words, the law makers themselves ask the question, “When does someone have to kill?” and almost everywhere in the world they make allowance for this. Therefore, when we consider “When do I have to shoot?” we are asking practically the same question the lawmakers asked when they decided when it was permissible to shoot. It is morally correct Above, and perhaps outside, the scope of the legal issue is the moral issue. There is a suggestion in “When can I shoot?” of anticipation and desire. Like you’ve got your finger on the trigger just waiting, hoping for the “can shoot” light to turn green. In contrast, “When do I have to shoot?” expresses distaste for, but acceptance of, the necessity to sometimes take another life. However, I won’t waste much time here because I do not believe that the vast majority of people are just waiting and hoping for an opportunity to shoot someone, no matter how they phrase the question. What is more important than the moral correctness of the question is the fact that... It is pertinent When people ask, “When can I shoot?” they are asking about the law; when is it legal to shoot, or will I get in trouble if I shoot in this situation? Those are good and important questions to consider, for certainly your situation is not much improved if you jump out of the frying pan only to land in the fire. On the other hand, what good do you gain by burning in the fire for fear of the frying pan? At the moment when you are in the middle of a deadly encounter, questions of legal liability are not your highest priority. Nor is the law terribly helpful at carrying you alive through a deadly encounter. Nowhere does the law tell you when you must shoot someone. Ordinary citizens are never legally required to defend themselves or others. So while “When can I shoot?” helps with the aftermath, “When must I shoot?” is directly pertinent to surviving the problem at hand. It is technically correct This is important because the text of the question will determine one’s satisfaction with the answer. When someone asks, “When can I shoot?” they probably really want to know all of the issues and implications surrounding the topic. But if all they receive is a short dissertation on the law, they will feel satisfied with an inadequate answer. But if instead they ask, “When do I have to shoot?” and all they get is a short dissertation on the law, they will know they’ve been short changed, and that the question has not been fully answered. They will be inspired to look harder, to search deeper, and to learn more. And I believe that the more a person knows, the safer they will be. Don Stahlnecker earns his living as a computer programmer but he is also a student of Danzan Ryu Jujitsu and a certified instructor at the Firearms Academy of Seattle. Living in Washington state, Don has been involved in teaching self defense tactics and techniques since 2003. It is legally safe In fact, “When must I shoot?” is pertinent to both the problem at hand, and to the aftermath. While I do strongly recommend that everyone become familiar with their local laws regarding justifiable homicide, I can pretty much guarantee that “have to shoot” is almost universally safe. If there were no other reasonable options either leading up to the event or during the event itself that could have avoided the problem, and if the only course of action you had to save yourself or another from death or grave bodily harm was to counter with deadly force, then you are almost guaranteed amnesty from the law. In all states and even in most countries, the law recognizes that people have a right to defend themselves and that deadly force is sometimes the only means to that end. 7 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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DON’T SHOOT! TRAINING FOR THE DRAW IS JUST AS EFFECTIVE by Kevin Michalowski arrying a concealed handgun puts you at a decided advantage in a self-defense situation. Yet, this advantage carries only as far as your training and practice. Pick a cliché: You fight like you train. Train hard to fight easy. The more you sweat in training, the less you bleed in combat. Any one of these will serve you well, but remember if you fight like you train, you’d better train the right way. Part of that is understanding that if you are forced to draw your gun, you may not be required to fire it. Let’s stop and take a realistic look at how your concealed handgun may be put to use. The worst-case scenario is that you’ll have to draw and fire in self-defense. The more likely scenario is that you’ll have to draw and hold your fire; either issuing commands, holding the assailant at gunpoint or watching the scumbag turn and flee once he realizes he’s made a possibly catastrophic error in the victim-selection process. As far as your practice schedule goes, once you’ve selected your own personal mantra, the likely course of action is to head to the range and burn up a bunch of gunpowder in an effort to improve your skills. Now, I’ll never speak ill of spending time on the range, but consider this: It takes 5,000 to 7,000 repetitions to create the muscle memory required to master an activity. At that point, your response becomes smooth – almost automatic. If you spend hours on the range learning to draw, acquire the sight picture and fire, consider what will happen under the stress of a potentially life- threatening encounter. You might fire on instinct, when a shot is not required. At that point the legal meat grinder gets switched on with you in the feed chute. Most of the time, you won’t need to fire. Yet, if you perform a perfect draw and get your sights on target quickly, you will be able to fire if need be. Remember the all-important rule: Keep your finger off the trigger until you have made a conscious decision to shoot. So, in reality, you need to practice the draw much more than you need to practice the shot. The most important thing you should learn to do effectively – every time, without fail – is to bring your gun to bear and immediately align the sights. All the while, train to keep your finger off the trigger until you have made that conscious decision to shoot. If your finger is along the frame above the trigger and you decide to shoot, you will be able to do so without delay. This position greatly reduces the chances of an accidental discharge. C Learning to draw is done as dry training. As the name indicates, dry practice is done without any ammunition. The primary goal here is to acquire the skills to get your gun into action quickly and smoothly. The secondary goal is to serve as a reminder that once you draw, you must make absolutely sure of your need to fire before you actually pull the trigger. Anything less than absolute certainty on your part could mean the difference between the justifiable use of lethal force and legal a nightmare that lands you in prison. The First Step The first element of an effective draw is to remove your handgun from concealment. You’ve got to clear your clothing or open the fanny pack and get a good firing grip on the gun. This is the reason you carry your gun in the same place every time you strap it on. Simply put: You know where it is. Once you have repeated the drill 5,000 times, you will automatically reach to the right place. The gun had better be there. A full-sized pistol under an open sport coat or light jacket is easy. You simply brush the jacket back out of the way with your gun hand and grab the gun. Practice that rearward sweep of the gun hand until you instinctively know how far back you need to bring your hand to allow you to acquire a firing grip. Lift the gun up to clear the holster and thrust it forward toward the target as you bring it up to your line of sight. If you have a pocket pistol tucked into an inside-the-waistband holster you will find that leading with your thumb provides the best option for pulling the small pistol from its holster. You need to hook the gripframe with your thumb because the rest of the piece will be concealed behind that tiny holster. As the pistol comes up do what ever it takes to get a comfortable firing grip on that gun and then repeat it until you can do it without thinking. The most important thing about drawing from a fanny pack is to get the pack open as wide as possible quicly. Keep the gun in the same place every time you strap it on and you will soon learn how quickly you can get it into action. When using a fanny pack, the key is to get the pack open as wide as possible to insure your firearm doesn’t hang up as you draw. Grab the gun and drive your elbow straight back until your gun 8 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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hand (which is now holding the gun) draws about even with the seam of your trousers. From there, get the gun up and on target. If you are wearing a closed-front garment, the first movement will be made with the off hand. Reach as close to the gun as possible and lift the garment straight up — high. No need for modesty here. Get that shirt or pull-over out of the way, then complete the remainder of the draw. The Heart of the Matter With the gun in your hand, you must now get it on target. Nothing good comes from an errant shot. This is where all the basic marksmanship and pistol shooting skills apply. Bring the gun up to your line of vision. Focus on the front sight. Keep a firm grip. Shift your weight a bit forward and assume the most convenient firing stance. Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to fire. At this point you are engaged and on a typical range session you would fire a double tap. And as with all training if you do it enough times it becomes automatic. This becomes a serious issue if, upon seeing you draw your pistol, the knife-wielding assailant turns to flee. In the one second it takes for you to complete your draw and instinctively fire, your attacker could have his back to you. There is no end to the problems shooting someone in the back will cause you. Run this scenario through to a trigger press only one time in 10. In between your sessions of dry practice, you will of course be practicing the fundamentals of trigger press and recoil control on the range. This dry practice gives you everything you need —including dropping the hammer — without the recoil, the report and the flying lead. There is no danger of acquiring a flinch and dry practice keeps your ammo costs way down. Think about it: You’ve practiced the draw. You’ve focused on the front sight and you’ve covered your legal bases with your warning command. If you practice all of this regularly and then one day find yourself in a bad situation that requires you to pull the trigger, the accuracy you need will be there. More importantly, the gun will be out of its holster and on target, where it can do the most good. Full series: A full-sized auto, like this XD-40 Tactical, is almost always covered by a loose cover garment. 1. Practice pushing that garment out of the way until it becomes second nature. 2. Then get a grip on the pistol. 3. Get the muzzle moving toward the target. Notice the finger is off the trigger. In this position, there can’t be accidental discharge. This is as important to a good draw as is clearing the holster quickly. Sidebar: The rules for dry training To avoid any possibility of a tragic accident, dry training must be conducted in a suitable location under very strict rules. The first rule is that no ammunition should be in the room in which you are training. Unload the firearm. Unload any magazines you will be using during the training session. Insure the chamber is empty and use snap caps if you feel the need to buffer the firing pin. IWB series: Getting a small gun from an IWB holster can be tough. 1. Start by hooking your thumb behind the grip and pulling up. 2. As soon as you can, start getting your other fingers in a firing grip. 3. Clear the leather and get the gun into action. With the gun up and on target, your training should tell you to take control of the situation. Do so. Issue a firm command. “Stop! Drop your weapon or I will shoot.” Yes, I understand this is dry practice and you are talking to a target, but remember that District Attorney — the gun-hater — he is going to want a complete statement for the investigation of your self-defense shooting. And you fight like you train. The command gives the assailant clear indication as to your intentions. It turns bystanders into witnesses, giving them a chance to see that you are defending yourself. If you must fire, you can do so very easily. And you may not have all your legal bases covered, but you certainly have the first two. A suitable location is one that is free of distractions and offers a training area that will effectively stop a round from the gun you use in the training. If you are thinking of using a stud-framed sheetrock wall as your training background, realize that a round from most common handguns will pass right through. A better choice is to conduct your dry training in a locked basement room or up against some other cinder block or cement wall. Don’t use a light switch, clock or photograph as an aiming point. Use a standard target. Conduct your draw, issue your commands and finish each sequence with a trigger press or a reholstering according to your planned training. When you are finished, leave the training room to reload your gun and say aloud, “Dry training is over. This gun is now fully loaded and ready for action.” Only vigilance will prevent accidents. 9 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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Sidebar: Simple rules for effective carry Same gun. Same place. Every time. In an emergency you can count on being only half as effective as you are in training. Because repetition builds skill, choose one gun for concealed carry and try to carry it in the same manner every time you leave the house. If the time ever comes that you need the gun to defend your life, you’ll know where it is, how to get it into action quickly and how it works. Kevin Michalowski is an NRA-certified pistol trainer and a member of the Waupaca County Sheriff’s Department Reserve. FORCE ON FORCE NOTEBOOK: REVISITING THE 21 FOOT RULE by Jack Rumbaugh very large volume of information arrives in my e-mail inbox every month and an article by Bob Irwin titled, Rethinking the 21-Foot Rule caught my eye. I agree with much that Mr. Irwin states in his article, but as we’ll see later on, I reach a far different conclusion. The 21-foot rule is also known as the Tueller Drill, named after Dennis Tueller, a police officer with the Salt Lake City Police Department who asked the question: “How close is too close?” He essentially quantified the distance that an attacker can cover in the same time that a defender can draw his pistol and fire a shot on target. He found that the distance of 21 feet can be covered in 1.5 seconds. This is the standard by which many defensive shootings have been measured. Shoot too soon, you are criminally liable. Shoot too late, you risk injury or death. There is very little margin for error. In reading the article by Mr. Irwin, he finds that the 21-foot rule is fundamentally flawed because the participants in the drill know an attack is coming. An unsuspecting civilian won’t have that luxury. I do agree that the 21-foot rule is limited in that it is a drill rather than a counter to an actual assault. He comes to the conclusion that an officer who is caught unawares would need a little over 3.5 seconds to recognize and react appropriately to a deadly threat. This equates to approximately 50 feet of distance the assailant would cover in that time. In fairness to Mr. Irvin, he does mention a few tactics to delay a charging opponent. He speaks about drawing to low ready, giving ground to increase distance, using cover or placing an object between you and the attacker, A as well as shots to the pelvic girdle. He goes on to describe a drill to simulate a charging opponent. He has a method to make a charging target from an IDPA or IPSC target, some string, wood, and a couple of cup hooks. The instructor would pull the target towards the student to simulate a charging opponent. His final statement was: “After running this drill a few times, you will rethink the 21-foot rule.” I have a much simpler solution: MOVE! 10 © 2003-2011 U.S. Concealed Carry Association & Delta Media LLC - All Rights Reserved. Reproduction without permission prohibited.
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